Setting Up DNS Server On CentOS 7

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This detailed tutorial will help you to set up a local DNS server on your CentOS 7 system. However, the steps are applicable for setting up DNS server on RHEL and Scientific Linux 7 too.
DNS Server Installation
Scenario
For the purpose of this tutorial, I will be using three nodes. One will be acting as Master DNS server, the second system will be acting as Secondary DNS, and the third will be our DNS client. Here are my three systems details.
Primary (Master) DNS Server Details:
Operating System : CentOS 7 minimal server
Hostname : masterdns.sysvn.local
IP Address : 192.168.1.101/24
Secondary (Slave) DNS Server Details:
Operating System : CentOS 7 minimal server
Hostname : secondarydns.sysvn.local
IP Address : 192.168.1.102/24
Client Details:
Operating System : CentOS 6.5 Desktop
Hostname : client.sysvn.local
IP Address : 192.168.1.103/24
Setup Primary (Master) DNS Server
Install bind9 packages on your server.
yum install bind bind-utils -y
1. Configure DNS Server
Edit ‘/etc/named.conf’ file.
vi /etc/named.conf
Add the lines as shown in bold:
//
// named.conf
//
// Provided by Red Hat bind package to configure the ISC BIND named(8) DNS
// server as a caching only nameserver (as a localhost DNS resolver only).
//
// See /usr/share/doc/bind*/sample/ for example named configuration files.
//

options {
listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; 192.168.1.101;}; ### Master DNS IP ###
# listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
directory “/var/named”;
dump-file “/var/named/data/cache_dump.db”;
statistics-file “/var/named/data/named_stats.txt”;
memstatistics-file “/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt”;
allow-query { localhost; 192.168.1.0/24;}; ### IP Range ###
allow-transfer{ localhost; 192.168.1.102; }; ### Slave DNS IP ###

/*
– If you are building an AUTHORITATIVE DNS server, do NOT enable recursion.
– If you are building a RECURSIVE (caching) DNS server, you need to enable
recursion.
– If your recursive DNS server has a public IP address, you MUST enable access
control to limit queries to your legitimate users. Failing to do so will
cause your server to become part of large scale DNS amplification
attacks. Implementing BCP38 within your network would greatly
reduce such attack surface
*/
recursion yes;

dnssec-enable yes;
dnssec-validation yes;
dnssec-lookaside auto;

/* Path to ISC DLV key */
bindkeys-file “/etc/named.iscdlv.key”;

managed-keys-directory “/var/named/dynamic”;

pid-file “/run/named/named.pid”;
session-keyfile “/run/named/session.key”;
};

logging {
channel default_debug {
file “data/named.run”;
severity dynamic;
};
};

zone “.” IN {
type hint;
file “named.ca”;
};

zone “sysvn.local” IN {
type master;
file “forward.sysvn”;
allow-update { none; };
};
zone “1.168.192.in-addr.arpa” IN {
type master;
file “reverse.sysvn”;
allow-update { none; };
};

include “/etc/named.rfc1912.zones”;
include “/etc/named.root.key”;
2. Create Zone files
Create forward and reverse zone files which we mentioned in the ‘/etc/named.conf’ file.
2.1 Create Forward Zone
Create forward.sysvn file in the ‘/var/named’ directory.
vi /var/named/forward.sysvn
Add the following lines:
$TTL 86400
@ IN SOA masterdns.sysvn.local. root.sysvn.local. (
2011071001 ;Serial
3600 ;Refresh
1800 ;Retry
604800 ;Expire
86400 ;Minimum TTL
)
@ IN NS masterdns.sysvn.local.
@ IN NS secondarydns.sysvn.local.
@ IN A 192.168.1.101
@ IN A 192.168.1.102
@ IN A 192.168.1.103
masterdns IN A 192.168.1.101
secondarydns IN A 192.168.1.102
client IN A 192.168.1.103
2.2 Create Reverse Zone
Create reverse.sysvn file in the ‘/var/named’ directory.
vi /var/named/reverse.sysvn
Add the following lines:
$TTL 86400
@ IN SOA masterdns.sysvn.local. root.sysvn.local. (
2011071001 ;Serial
3600 ;Refresh
1800 ;Retry
604800 ;Expire
86400 ;Minimum TTL
)
@ IN NS masterdns.sysvn.local.
@ IN NS secondarydns.sysvn.local.
@ IN PTR sysvn.local.
masterdns IN A 192.168.1.101
secondarydns IN A 192.168.1.102
client IN A 192.168.1.103
101 IN PTR masterdns.sysvn.local.
102 IN PTR secondarydns.sysvn.local.
103 IN PTR client.sysvn.local.
3. Start the DNS service
Enable and start DNS service:
systemctl enable named
systemctl start named
4. Firewall Configuration
We must allow the DNS service default port 53 through firewall.
firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=53/tcp
firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=53/udp
5. Restart Firewall
firewall-cmd –reload
6. Configuring Permissions, Ownership, and SELinux
Run the following commands one by one:
chgrp named -R /var/named
chown -v root:named /etc/named.conf
restorecon -rv /var/named
restorecon /etc/named.conf
7. Test DNS configuration and zone files for any syntax errors
Check DNS default configuration file:
named-checkconf /etc/named.conf
If it returns nothing, your configuration file is valid.
Check Forward zone:
named-checkzone sysvn.local /var/named/forward.sysvn
Sample output:
zone sysvn.local/IN: loaded serial 2011071001
OK
Check reverse zone:
named-checkzone sysvn.local /var/named/reverse.sysvn
Sample Output:
zone sysvn.local/IN: loaded serial 2011071001
OK
Add the DNS Server details in your network interface config file.
vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3
TYPE=”Ethernet”
BOOTPROTO=”none”
DEFROUTE=”yes”
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=”no”
IPV6INIT=”yes”
IPV6_AUTOCONF=”yes”
IPV6_DEFROUTE=”yes”
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=”no”
NAME=”enp0s3″
UUID=”5d0428b3-6af2-4f6b-9fe3-4250cd839efa”
ONBOOT=”yes”
HWADDR=”08:00:27:19:68:73″
IPADDR0=”192.168.1.101″
PREFIX0=”24″
GATEWAY0=”192.168.1.1″
DNS=”192.168.1.101″
IPV6_PEERDNS=”yes”
IPV6_PEERROUTES=”yes”
Edit file /etc/resolv.conf,
vi /etc/resolv.conf
Add the name server ip address:
nameserver 192.168.1.101
Save and close the file.
Restart network service:
systemctl restart network
8. Test DNS Server
dig masterdns.sysvn.local
Sample Output:
; <<>> DiG 9.9.4-RedHat-9.9.4-14.el7 <<>> masterdns.sysvn.local
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 25179
;; flags: qr aa rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 2

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;masterdns.sysvn.local. IN A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
masterdns.sysvn.local. 86400 IN A 192.168.1.101

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
sysvn.local. 86400 IN NS secondarydns.sysvn.local.
sysvn.local. 86400 IN NS masterdns.sysvn.local.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
secondarydns.sysvn.local. 86400 IN A 192.168.1.102

;; Query time: 0 msec
;; SERVER: 192.168.1.101#53(192.168.1.101)
;; WHEN: Wed Aug 20 16:20:46 IST 2014
;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 125
nslookup sysvn.local
Sample Output:
Server: 192.168.1.101
Address: 192.168.1.101#53

Name: sysvn.local
Address: 192.168.1.103
Name: sysvn.local
Address: 192.168.1.101
Name: sysvn.local
Address: 192.168.1.102
Now the Primary DNS server is ready to use.
It is time to configure our Secondary DNS server.
Setup Secondary(Slave) DNS Server
Install bind packages using the following command:
yum install bind bind-utils -y
1. Configure Slave DNS Server
Edit file ‘/etc/named.conf’:
vi /etc/named.conf
Make the changes as shown in bold.
//
// named.conf
//
// Provided by Red Hat bind package to configure the ISC BIND named(8) DNS
// server as a caching only nameserver (as a localhost DNS resolver only).
//
// See /usr/share/doc/bind*/sample/ for example named configuration files.
//
options {
listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; 192.168.1.102; };
listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; };
directory “/var/named”;
dump-file “/var/named/data/cache_dump.db”;
statistics-file “/var/named/data/named_stats.txt”;
memstatistics-file “/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt”;
allow-query { localhost; 192.168.1.0/24; };
.
.
.
.
zone “.” IN {
type hint;
file “named.ca”;
};
zone “sysvn.local” IN {
type slave;
file “slaves/sysvn.fwd”;
masters { 192.168.1.101; };
};
zone “1.168.192.in-addr.arpa” IN {
type slave;
file “slaves/sysvn.rev”;
masters { 192.168.1.101; };
};
include “/etc/named.rfc1912.zones”;
include “/etc/named.root.key”;
2. Start the DNS Service
systemctl enable named
systemctl start named
Now the forward and reverse zones are automatically replicated from Master DNS server to ‘/var/named/slaves/’ in Secondary DNS server.
ls /var/named/slaves/
Sample Output:
sysvn.fwd sysvn.rev
3. Add the DNS Server details
Add the DNS Server details in your network interface config file.
vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3
TYPE=”Ethernet”
BOOTPROTO=”none”
DEFROUTE=”yes”
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=”no”
IPV6INIT=”yes”
IPV6_AUTOCONF=”yes”
IPV6_DEFROUTE=”yes”
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL=”no”
NAME=”enp0s3″
UUID=”5d0428b3-6af2-4f6b-9fe3-4250cd839efa”
ONBOOT=”yes”
HWADDR=”08:00:27:19:68:73″
IPADDR0=”192.168.1.102″
PREFIX0=”24″
GATEWAY0=”192.168.1.1″
DNS1=”192.168.1.101″
DNS2=”192.168.1.102″
IPV6_PEERDNS=”yes”
IPV6_PEERROUTES=”yes”
Edit file /etc/resolv.conf,
vi /etc/resolv.conf
Add the name server ip address:
nameserver 192.168.1.101
nameserver 192.168.1.102
Save and close the file.
Restart network service:
systemctl restart network
4. Firewall Configuration
We must allow the DNS service default port 53 through firewall.
firewall-cmd –permanent –add-port=53/tcp
5. Restart Firewall
firewall-cmd –reload
6. Configuring Permissions, Ownership, and SELinux
chgrp named -R /var/named
chown -v root:named /etc/named.conf
restorecon -rv /var/named
restorecon /etc/named.conf
7. Test DNS Server
dig masterdns.sysvn.local
Sample Output:
; <<>> DiG 9.9.4-RedHat-9.9.4-14.el7 <<>> masterdns.sysvn.local
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 18204
;; flags: qr aa rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 2

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;masterdns.sysvn.local. IN A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
masterdns.sysvn.local. 86400 IN A 192.168.1.101

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
sysvn.local. 86400 IN NS masterdns.sysvn.local.
sysvn.local. 86400 IN NS secondarydns.sysvn.local.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
secondarydns.sysvn.local. 86400 IN A 192.168.1.102

;; Query time: 0 msec
;; SERVER: 192.168.1.102#53(192.168.1.102)
;; WHEN: Wed Aug 20 17:04:30 IST 2014
;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 125
dig secondarydns.sysvn.local
Sample Output:
; <<>> DiG 9.9.4-RedHat-9.9.4-14.el7 <<>> secondarydns.sysvn.local
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 60819
;; flags: qr aa rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 2

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;secondarydns.sysvn.local. IN A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
secondarydns.sysvn.local. 86400 IN A 192.168.1.102

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
sysvn.local. 86400 IN NS masterdns.sysvn.local.
sysvn.local. 86400 IN NS secondarydns.sysvn.local.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
masterdns.sysvn.local. 86400 IN A 192.168.1.101

;; Query time: 0 msec
;; SERVER: 192.168.1.102#53(192.168.1.102)
;; WHEN: Wed Aug 20 17:05:50 IST 2014
;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 125
nslookup sysvn.local
Sample Output:
Server: 192.168.1.102
Address: 192.168.1.102#53

Name: sysvn.local
Address: 192.168.1.101
Name: sysvn.local
Address: 192.168.1.103
Name: sysvn.local
Address: 192.168.1.102
Client Side Configuration
Add the DNS server details in ‘/etc/resolv.conf’ file in all client systems
vi /etc/resolv.conf
# Generated by NetworkManager
search sysvn.local
nameserver 192.168.1.101
nameserver 192.168.1.102
Restart network service or reboot the system.
Test DNS Server
Now, you can test the DNS server using any one of the following commands:
dig masterdns.sysvn.local
dig secondarydns.sysvn.local
dig client.sysvn.local
nslookup sysvn.local
That’s all about now. The primary and secondary DNS servers are ready to use.